First Grade Basics

(A compilation of core skills based on the information from schools in several states. If you need to know the core requirements of your state, then search for first grade standards in your state.)

Newly added: US National first grade reading list: http://www.avko.org/free/instructional/grade1_vocab.htm

(or, download first grade reading list here)

Read On or download here: First Grade Basics

Mathematics

  • Identify Names of Numbers
    • Read word names of numbers 0-20.
    • Read word names by 10’s from 10 to 90.
    • Write word names 0-10.
    • Identify ordinal numbers though 12th.
  • Count, Sequence, and Compare Numbers
    • Count and write by 1’s, 5’s, and 10’s to 100.
    • Sequence or order numbers, 0-99; identify which comes before, between, or after.
    • Show which of two numbers, 0-50, is less or greater.
    • Compare whole numbers through 99.
  • Use symbols and Recognize terms
    • Recognize and use symbols: +, -, =
    • Recognize the following mathematical terms: add, subtract, longer, shorter, more than, less than, equal, largest, smallest, before, between, after, addend, sum, and difference.
  • Identify Place Value
    • Identify the place value and total value of each digit for numbers 0-99.
    • Recognize place value for 1’s, 10’s, and 100’s.
  • Add and Subtract
    • Recall basic addition and subtraction facts with sums and differences of 10 or less.
    • Add two 1-digit numbers, horizontally or vertically, with no regrouping (facts to 10).
    • Add three 1-digit numbers, horizontally or vertically, with no regrouping.
    • Add two 2-digit numbers without regrouping.
    • Subtract two 1-digit numbers, horizontally or vertically, with no renaming (facts to 10, minuend from 1-9, and subtrahend from 0-9).
    • Subtract a 1-digit number from a 2-digit number without regrouping.
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the commutative property of addition

(3 + 4 = 4 + 3).

    • Find the missing addend (facts to 10).
    • Demonstrate the understanding that when zero is added to or subtracted from any number, the sum or remainder is always the other number.
    • Identify number sentences, involving addition or subtraction with a sum from 1-9, by using illustrations and word problems.
  • Make Geometrical identifications
    • Identify the longer and shorter of two objects.
    • Identify the equivalent and nonequivalent sets by using illustrations.
  • Measure
    • Amount: Estimate the amount a container will hold, and compare liquid capacities using customary (cup, pint, quart) or metric (liter) measures.
    • Money: Identify the following coins: penny, nickel, dime, quarter in terms of pennies (cents).
    • Time: Tell time to the nearest half-hour, using a standard clock.
    • Temperature: Identify the hotter/colder temperature on a thermometer by selecting the higher/lower column of two thermometers.
    • Periods of time: Name periods of time in sequence (i.e. seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years), and mark specified days and dates on a calendar.
    • Length: Use a ruler to measure a line segment to the nearest whole unit (inch or centimeter).
  • Identify and Use Fractions
    • Identify a shape divided into equal parts.
    • Distinguish shapes divided into halves.
    • Determine when one-fourth of an object is shaded.
  • Analyze and Use Charts, Graphs, and Tables
    • Interpret a simple bar graph of pictured objects in vertical format.
    • Identify how much more one frequency is than another pertaining to a simple graph.

Language Arts

  • Use Language Mechanics and Expression Appropriately
    • Recognize letters of the alphabet and the sounds they represent
    • Alphabetize words through the first letter
    • Hold  a pencil correctly, position the paper appropriately for left/right-handedness, and sit in the correct writing position
    • Form all letters in manuscript, both upper and lower case
    • Print own name correctly
    • Identify correct capitalization of the pronoun “I”
    • Copy simple sentences and/or short paragraphs.
    • Use proper spacing between letters of a word and words of a sentence.
    • Identify (and correctly use) correct capitalization of the first word of a sentence.
    • Identify the correct use of periods and correctly use periods.
    • Identify complete telling sentences.
    • Identify complete asking sentences.
  • Spell and Read
    • Spell words in isolation and in sentence dictation.
    • Identify letter-sound associations for single initial consonants (excluding q and x).
    • Use onsets and rimes to create new words that include blends and digraphs.
    • Substitute initial consonants to form new words with the known word families (-at, -ed, -it, -in, -ill, -ig, -ake, -ate, -an, -ox, -en, -et, -op, -un, -all, -ell, and –ing).
    • Identify letter-sound associations for single final consonants.
    • Identify letter-sound associations for initial consonant digraphs (ch, sh, and the voiceless th.
    • Identify letter-sound associations for the final consonant digraphs (ch, sh, ck).
    • Identify letter-sound associations for initial consonant blends (consonant + l and consonant + r.
    • Identify letter-sound associations for final consonant blends (st, sk).
    • Identify plural noun endings.
    • Identify letter-sound associations for short and long vowels.
    • Blend sounds together to form simple words.
    • Recognize 150 high-frequency words.
    • Read on-level books they have not seen before with 90 percent or better accuracy of word recognition, using intonation, pauses and emphases that signal the structure of the sentence and the meaning of the text.
  • Develop Listening Comprehension and Phonemic Awareness
    • Listen to and follow simple directions.
    • Listen to a story and answer simple questions.
    • Listen to and identify words that rhyme.
    • Listen for the purpose of distinguishing like and unlike sounds.
    • Separate the sounds by saying each sound aloud (/c/-/a/-/t/).
    • Blend separately spoken phonemes to make a meaningful word.
    • Listen to simple stories and retell in sequence.
    • Use the cues of pronunciation to guide them in getting meaning and fluently reading aloud.
    • Respond to simple punctuation in oral reading (period, question mark, comma, and exclamation point).
    • Use correct phrasing in oral reading.
    • Recall what has been read silently or aloud.
    • Retell the story or summarize it.
    • Describe in their own words what new information they gained from the text.
    • Participate in dramatization projects.
    • Use details to identify story elements.
    • Sequence events from a selection.
    • Draw conclusions from given facts.
    • Recognize words or phrases that tell who, what, when, where, why, or how.
    • Answer simple questions after listening to a story read aloud.
    • Participate in a discussion by making relevant contribution to a specific topic. Make predictions about what might happen next and say why. Talk about the motives of the characters, and describe the causes and effects of specific events.
    • Communicate thoughts and feelings orally.
    • Pronounce the basic 220 Dolch sight words.
  • Develop Study Skills and Self-Monitoring/Self-Correcting Strategies
    • Demonstrate the ability to alphabetize words with different first letters.
    • Notice whether the words sound right, given their spelling.
    • Notice whether the words make sense in context.
    • Notice when sentences don’t make sense.
    • Solve reading problems and self-correct, through strategies that include using syntax and word-meaning clues, comparing pronounced sounds to printed letters, gathering context clues from surrounding sentences or pictures, and deriving new words by analogy to known words and word parts (using tree and my to get try).
    • Check their solution to a difficult word against their knowledge of print-sound correspondences and the meaning of the text.
  • Develop Independent Reading and Writing Skills
    • Read four or more books every day independently or with assistance.
    • Discuss at least one of those books with another student or group.
      • Compare two books by the same author.
      • Talk about several books on the same theme.
      • Refer explicitly to parts of the text when presenting or defending a claim.
      • Politely disagree when appropriate
      • Ask other questions that seek elaboration and justification.
      • Attempt to explain why their interpretation of a book is valid.
    • Read some favorite books many times, gaining deeper comprehension.
    • Read their own writing and sometimes the writing of their classmates.
    • Read functional messages they encounter in the classroom (signs, labels, instructions).
    • Write daily, generating topics and content for their writing.
      • Write stories, memoirs, poems, songs.
      • Write a basic book or movie review.
      • Write basic instructions.
    • Solicit and provide responses to writing.
    • Revise, edit, and proofread as appropriate.
    • Polish at least 10 piece throughout the year.
    • Incorporate drawings, diagrams, or other graphics with their text.
    • Role-play something they have written.
    • Produce writing that uses the full range of words in their vocabulary.

Science

  • Geology
    • Recognize where the earth is on the solar system and understand that it is our home planet.
    • Understand that the planets rotate.
    • Know the terms clouds, sun, moon, and stars.
    • Know what a fossil is and that it provides information about the past.
    • Understand the process of evaporation.
    • Biology—Humans, Animals, Plants
      • Humans
        • Understand the general functions of the heart, lungs, brain, and stomach.
        • Know how to properly care for your body.
        • Understand what good nutrition is and what food item fits into which food group.
        • Animals
        • Differentiate between living and non-living things.
        • Understand that animals are living things with specific needs and characteristics.
        • Identify an animal that hibernates and a nocturnal animal.
        • Plants
          • Understand that plants are living things with specific needs and characteristics.
          • Realize that all living things grow and develop.
          • Identify a living thing that can grow from a seed.
          • Label the parts of a plant.
    • Physical Science
      • Understand different states of matter (solid, liquid, gas)
      • Know that heat, light, and energy come from the sun.
      • Understand that scientists work by using experiments.
      • Understand the concept of weight.
      • Know the use of basic household appliances.
      • Recognize that machines can be useful, but they can also be dangerous.
      • Understand that matter exists in various states and has identifiable properties.
    • Study Skills
      • Analyze a simple bar graph.
      • Predict results of water evaporation.
      • Determine the sequence of events in space.

Social Studies

  • Geography
    • Be familiar with the Globe and World Map.
    • Be able to locate land masses and bodies of water.
    • Realize there are seven main bodies of land on earth and identify these continents by name.
    • Recognize major characteristics of each continent and how geography affected early settlements.
    • Identify the United States on a World Map and your state on a US map.
    • Know directions on a globe or a map, recognizing symbols.
  • History
    • Understand that people were here on earth long ago.
    • Recognize that people have different religious beliefs.
    • Understand how communication and travel has developed and improved through history.
    • Know about the pilgrims.
    • Understand American history as it relates to the holidays (e.g. Why do we celebrate the Fourth of July?) and the development of the US flag.
    • Sequence historical periods by clothing or transportation.
    • Develop an appreciation for other cultures.
  • Political Science
    • Compare and contrast neighborhoods and discuss the needs and responsibilities of living in a neighborhood.
    • Discuss what rights people have.
    • Identify occupations in the community.
    • Understand the role of culture to a neighborhood.
    • Understand the effect of environment on jobs.
    • Recognize services provided by workers.
  • Psychology/Sociology
    • Understand the uses and rules of communication.
    • Understand the role of language in communication.
    • Recognize the importance of communication to people all over the world.
    • Discuss various groups and how or why they are formed.
    • Discuss what it means to be a good neighbor or good citizen.
    • Learn to get along with age-mates of both genders.
    • Learn the appropriate social role of males and females.
    • Begin to develop an understanding of morals and values, right and wrong.
    • Possess a wholesome attitude toward oneself.
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